The stage of a cancer is based on determining the T, N, and M for each tumor, which is then used to guide treatment and also provide an idea of the probability that the cancer can be cured or how effective the treatment is likely to be. Overall, the risk of anal cancer is rising with data suggesting that persons engaging in certain sexual practices, such as receptive anal intercourse, or persons with a high lifetime number of sexual partners are at an increased risk of anal cancer. A to Z List of Cancer Drugs. Types of Cancer Treatment. As shown in the RTOG trial, treatment used is the same as for stage I and II disease, including the use of radiation therapy plus chemotherapy. M0 means the cancer has not spread, and M1 means cancer can be found in other areas of the body. The American Joint Committee on Cancer has created a formal staging system for most cancers that is based on 3 criteria:
The 5-year survival rate for the earliest stage (Stage I) of anal cancer is 81%. More than 47% of people are diagnosed at this stage. If there is regional spread, the 5-year survival rate is nearly 61%. If there is distant spread of anal . The overall five-year survival rate following diagnosis of anal cancer is 60% for men and 71% for women. When the cancer is diagnosed in its earliest stage, the five-year survival rate is 82%. Once the cancer has spread to surrounding lymph nodes, the five-year survival drops to 60%. Dec 08, · Survival Rates, by Stage of Anal Cancer. Survival rates are often used by doctors as a standard way of discussing a person’s prognosis (outlook). Some .